Grain Home
The Project 
Work Plan
Contact Points

Open GRAIN Forum 2012
Open GRAIN Workshop 2012
Lecture series on computational tools
Open Workshop 2010

Members area

European Participants
Chinese Participants
CIMNE Spain Chinese Aeronautical Establishment (CAE)
INRIA France Gas Turbine Establishment of AVIC (GTE)
AIRBUS Spain Aerodynamics Research Institute of AVIC (ARI)
ALENIA Italy First Aircraft Institute of AVIC (FAI)
EADS-IW France Aircraft Strength Research Institute (ASRI)
Rolls Royce United Kingdom Shenyang Aeroengine Research Institute (SAERI)
INGENIA Spain Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials (BIAM)
Numeca International Belgium Aeronautics Computing Technique Research Institute (ACTRI)
Sheffield University United Kingdom Beijing University (BUAA)
Birmingham University United Kingdom NorthwesternPolytechnical University (NPU)
CIRA Italy Peking University (PKU)
Von Karman Institute Belgium Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (NUAA)
Airborne Technology Center The Netherlands Zhejiang University (ZJU)
Leitat Technological Center Spain  
CERFACS France  
Cranfield Institute United Kingdom  

1.1. Individual participants
1.1.1. European Partners CIMNE

The International Centre for Numerical Methods in Engineering (CIMNE, is a research organization in Barcelona, Spain. CIMNE was created in 1987 as a Consortium between the Catalan Government (Generalitat de Catalunya) and the Technical University of Catalonia (UPC – Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya). CIMNE is an autonomous RTD centre focusing in promoting and fostering advances in the development and application of numerical methods and computational techniques for the solution of engineering problems in an international context.

CIMNE employs some 180 scientists and engineers from different technical fields and nationalities specialised in the development and of numerical methods to a wide class of engineering problems. The research activities of CIMNE cover the development of innovative constitutive models for composite materials and structures, new numerical methods for non linear analysis and safety studies of structures, shape optimization in structural and fluid dynamic problems, computational fluid dynamics studies for both external and internal flow problems and numerical simulation of material deformation and forming processes for the manufacturing industry, mesh generation and visualization interfaces, casting and thermal process, stochastic optimization as well as program parallelization and distributed (grid) computing techniques.

In the last twenty years CIMNE has taken part in over 450 RTD projects with over 200 companies and organizations. Some 110 of these projects have received EC support through FP3-7 programmes. CIMNE has been the coordinator of some 30 EC funded projects (including a cluster of projects in the FP5 IST programme). The outcome of the research is recorded in over 900 scientific publications, technical reports and educational software codes published by CIMNE. CIMNE has also successfully organized some 200 courses and seminars and around 60 international conferences. CIMNE has also specialized in the development of decision support systems integrating Artificial Intelligence models based on the Monte Carlo method, Neural Networks and IT tools such as wireless sensor networks and user friendly interfaces for finite element based simulation software. CIMNE received one of the 2002 IST Awards for a new software product named GiD [GiD 2003] for pre-processing analysis data and the visualization of numerical results from engineering computations (see Also, in 2003 CIMNE received the City of Barcelona Award in Technological Research for the development of GID system “an innovative and easy graphic interface for modelization and visualization of numerical simulations results”.

Key contact person
Prof. Gabriel Bugeda
Prof. Jacques Periaux
Dr. Jordi Pons INRIA

INRIA (National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control) is a French public sector scientific and technological institute with 2100 employees, operating under the dual authority of the Ministry of Research and the Ministry of Industry. The research carried out at INRIA brings together experts from the fields of computer science and applied mathematics covering the following areas: Networks and Systems; Software Engineering and Symbolic Computing; Man-Machine Interaction; Image Processing, Data Management, Knowledge Systems; Simulation and Optimization of Complex Systems.

Opale Project-Team has several objectives: analyze mathematically single or multi-disciplinary coupled systems of partial differential equations arising from physics or engineering in view of their optimization or control ( geometrical optimization); contruct and experiment efficient numerical approximation methods (coupling algorithms, model reduction) and optimization algorithms (gradient-based and/or evolutionary algorithms, game theory); develop software platforms for the distributed parallel computation of the related discrete systems.

INRIA, the national institute for research in computer science and control, operating under the joint authority of the Ministries of Research and of Industry, is dedicated to fundamental and applied research in information and communication science and technology (ICST). INRIA has an annual budget of 125 million euros, one quarter of which comes from its own research contracts and development products.

Background information and experience INRIA has a long experience of international cooperation and coordination responsible for the building of Modulef (300 installations/members), early contributing to build European structures as ERCIM, ERCOFTAC, ECCOMAS. Spatial CFD networks (Hypersonic database) and many CEC projects. The group OPALE gathers working on the design of efficient and accurate numerical methods for the simulation of complex compressible flows on unstructured meshes. INRIA has several years of experience in theoretical and experimental studies related to optimal control model problems and optimum design problems (industrial aerodynamics and electromagnetics) solved using Gas, among others. It has also several years expertise in building databases for CFD testcases (FLOWnet, INGEnet and PROMUVAL), as well as parallel, cluster and grid computing environments applied to CFD optimisation and aerostructure problems.

Key contact person
Dr. Toan Nguyen AIRBUS

Airbus is comprised of 5 main companies: Airbus SAS, Airbus Operations SL, Airbus Operations SAS, Airbus Operations ltd, and Airbus Operations GmbH, all owned by EADS NV. Airbus has a payroll of around 55.000 employees throughout the world and since its creation as GIE at the end of 1970, has manufactured and delivered 6000 aircraft and sold more than 9000.

Since 1972, Spain has participated in the development and production phase of the most extensive and modern range of commercial aircraft with more than 100 seats. To date, Airbus Operations S.L is responsible for the design, development and manufacturing of structural components for all Airbus aircraft models, being specialised in large carbon fibre lifting surfaces.

Airbus Operations S.L. facilities include the Getafe (Madrid) and Puerto Real (Cádiz) facilities together with the Advanced Composite Centre of Illescas (Toledo). The current headcount of Airbus Operations S.L exceeds 2500 persons. Airbus Operations S.L has considerable experience in R&D projects and is engaged in international interchanges of technology concerning advanced materials technologies and is participating regularly in European funded research programmes.

Background information and experience
AIRBUS has long-term experience and expertise in the specification, industrialization and application of numerical methods for aerodynamic aircraft design and data production including single discipline optimization (SDO), multidiscipline analysis (MDA) and multidisciplinary optimization (MDO).
Since early 2000’s advanced developments have been achieved by Airbus in setting-up multi-physics simulation in the field of fluid-structure coupling for aeroelastics, conjugate heat transfer for aerothermics in ventilation of compartments, simulation of icing shape accretion, aeroacoustics for the simulation of noise source and propagation.

All these simulation are made by considering fluid simulation with a specific emphasis put on accuracy for drag prediction and optimization technique based on adjoint Navier-Stokes method.
The staff of AI-E has wide experience in aircraft aerodynamic and structural design and analysis. It has become specialist in the field of horizontal tail plane design and manufacturing. In that way it has developed the horizontal tail plane of the successive Airbus Industry aircraft up to today. AI-E is responsible, among other parts, of the horizontal tailplane and belly-fairing of the recently launched A380. This experience has been accomplished and maintained thanks to the considerable effort of continuous funding to the field of research and development carried out by the company.
On the numerical side, Airbus has a wide experience in the development of numerical methods, both structured and unstructured as well as on the multi-physics domain.

Key person contact
Dr. Adel Abbas, Flight Mechanics R&T Coordinator (AI-E) ALENIA

ALENIA AERONAUTICA, owned at 100% by Finmeccanica, designs and develops products for civil and military aviation. Through alliances or joint ventures, Alenia Aeronautica participates in the world's leading civil and military programmes, both independently and as risk-sharing partner.
Its commercial aviation activities include the assembly of complete fuselages and the production of fuselage sections and components for aero-structures. Alenia Aeronautica is also a primary manufacturer of regional aircraft. In the context of international co-operative programmes and consortia, it is a primary manufacturer of military aircraft, with activities including aircraft design, production, integration and marketing, along with the managing of flight tests and final assembly lines. Alenia Aeronautica boasts decades of experience. Its factories have built or overhauled over 12,000 of the main civil and military aircraft. The company was formed in 2001 from the aeronautical division of Finmeccanica, itself the heir to the experience of Aeritalia and Selenia. Alenia Aeronautica participates, also through alliances and joint ventures, in the leading international civil and military programmes.
In the military field, Alenia Aeronautica Has a 21% share in the Eurofighter Typhoon programme. It supplies on-board systems, the left wing and the rear fuselage. It is responsible for final assembly and flight-testing of aircraft ordered by the Italian Air Force. The first Eurofighter Typhoon was delivered to an Italian Air Force operational unit in March 2004; builds the C-27J tactical transport aircraft, through the equal share LMATTS joint venture with Lockheed Martin; developed the AMX subsonic attack aircraft and advanced trainer, together with Aermacchi and Embraer of Brazil; Participated in the Panavia consortium (with BAE Systems and EADS) with a 15% share of the Tornado programme.
In the commercial jet business, Alenia Aeronautica produces aero-structures for Boeing and Airbus, acting as both risk sharing partner and sub-contractor. It is present in the two leading programmes in this field, the A380 superjumbo and the future 7E7. It is a partner of Dassault in the production of the Falcon business jet family. In the field of special mission aircraft, it produces and markets the ATR42 MP maritime patrol aeroplane and is developing the ATR72 ASW. Through ATR Integrated, an equal joint venture with EADS, Alenia Aeronautica ranks among the main world's producers of regional aircraft with the ATR42/72 twin turboprop.

Background information and experience
Alenia Aeronautica has a large experience and expertise in the development and application of numerical tools for aircraft design in the fields of aerodynamics, fluid/structure interaction, multidisciplinary analysis and optimization. Since the early nineties, they participate to more than 25 European initiatives in the Flight Physics Technologies field.

Key person contact
Dr. Vittorio Selmin, Program Manager of Research Projects related to Flight Physics and Multidisciplinary Integration.
Dr. Nicola Ceresola, head of Computation Methods Development unit, Airvehicle Department. EADS-IW

The EADS Corporate Research Centre is the transnational R&D centre for the EADS group. Entities are in Suresnes, Ottobrunn, Toulouse, Hamburg, and liaison offices in Singapore and Moscou. The Surenes Centre in France has personnel of 300 persons with highly skilled and experienced engineers and scientists as well as project managers.

The missions of EADS IW are:
- As a global R&T partner, the EADS Corporate Research Centre enables superior return on R&T investment and regional presence through: an open and flexible organization; maximizing its innovation potential through a high degree of co-operation and integration with public and private research organizations; acquiring and promoting the best available knowledge.
- Assure added value by synergy of shared research inside EADS and by cooperation with research partner organisations (e.g. DLR, INTA, ONERA, Universities, Laboratories…).
- Maintain and develop innovation potential for long term technological competitiveness of EADS.
- Enable emerging technology integration in current and future EADS products.
- Support EADS technology strategy.

Some of the competitive advantages to products, processes and services of the EADS group are:
- Providing services in intellectual property and standardisation.
- Multidisciplinary know-how combining expertise and shared facilities.
- Developing new tools and methods for processes in design, testing, manufacturing, simulation and quality assurance.
- Accelerated transfer of results into products and services.
- Rapid reaction force for technical consultancey.
- Advanced expertise and skills.

Background information and experience
Composites Aerostructures
Metallic Aerostructures
Systems, Avionics, Equipment & Sub-systems
Flight Mechanics, Structural Dynamics
Integration, Design & Validation

Key contact person
Dr. Jordi Saniger ROLLS ROYCE

Rolls-Royce, is a global business, providing and supplying integrated power systems for use on land, at sea and in the air. The Group has established a strong position in - civil aerospace, defence aerospace, marine and energy markets. The Rolls-Royce Group has a broad customer base including more than 600 airlines, 4,000 corporate and utility aircraft and helicopter operators, 160 armed forces, more than 2,000 marine customers, and energy customers in nearly 120 countries. With facilities in 50 countries, Rolls-Royce employs 39,000 people worldwide and has businesses headquartered in the UK, US, Canada, Germany, Scandinavia, Singapore and China. This global presence allows the Group to access long-term international growth opportunities.
In 2008, Rolls-Royce invested £885 million on research and development, two thirds of which was aimed at further improving the environmental aspects of the Group’s products. The primary technology investment is directed towards reducing noise and emissions. Sixty percent of research and development investment and 40 percent of new product development spending over the past five years has been outside the UK.

Rolls-Royce is committed to an environment strategy with three related elements:
• Maintain our drive to reduce the environmental impact of our business activities;
• Further reduce the environmental impact of our products; and
• Develop entirely new low carbon and renewable energy products.

The environment is not a new subject for Rolls-Royce. Our first environment report dates back to 1999 and the most recent, ‘Powering a better world’, was published in July 2007.
Technology, applied on an industrial scale, has a central role to play in society’s response to climate change. It is also clear that environmental policies and regulations must be based on a proper understanding of the relevant science. In both these areas, Rolls-Royce can be part of the solution to the environmental challenges we all face.

Rolls-Royce is working with partners across the aviation industry to reduce aviation's environmental impact. This work covers issues such as climate change, local air quality, noise, land use, energy and waste. Greener by Design provides a forum for the assessment of options for limiting aviation's environmental impact, drawing on the resources of experts from across the aviation industry. Rolls-Royce is represented on the Advisory Committee and on the Science and Technology Sub-Group.

Key Contact Person
Dr. Wayne Voice. INGENIA

INGENIA is an Economical Interest Group (DII) grouping 15 SMEs and mid-size companies in Spain active in the aeronautic engineering sector. The industrial members of INGENIA are: SERRA Aeronautics, IDOM, SOLID-ENGINYERIA, CADTECH, COMPASS, ITALDESIGN, PRAE, SENER, ABGAM, QUANTECH ATZ, CIMSA, APPLUS, RUCKER AG and EDV S.L.
By participating to the AEROCHINA2 CSA project the members of INGENIA will benefit from a direct exposure to the state of the art activities of Chinese organizations in the field of multi-physics simulations and validation. This will invariably help to open new opportunities for future RTD activities and engineering work of INGENIA members in cooperation with European and Chinese organizations in the aeronautic sector..

Key contact person

NUMECA is a Belgian SME, with headquarters located in Brussels, active in the development and marketing of advanced Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software, grid generation and scientific visualisation. NUMECA is also offering consulting services for consumer-specific fluid mechanical problems and fluid-mechanical design. Created in 1992 as a result of research activities in the field of CFD, carried out at the Department of Fluid Mechanics of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, NUMECA has been growing steadily and progressively gained worldwide recognition. NUMECA has currently a staff of close to 40 specialised scientists and engineers, almost all of which hold engineering or doctoral degrees.
NUMECA is focusing its CFD and design software products FINE™/Turbo, FINE™/Design3D as well as the new unstructured codes HEXPRESS™ and FINE™/HEXA, heavily towards the aerospace, propulsion and energetic markets. A significant percentage of the NUMECA customers are connected to the aerospace sector.
NUMECA is heavily involved in the EU funded network QNET-CFD, aimed at Quality and Trust and best practice guides for CFD, and has a long experience with EU projects, as it is involved in the other current EU projects AROMA, FLOMANIA, DESIDER. NUMECA is also assuming the coordination of the EU project TROPHY. Over the last few years, NUMECA has been developing its blade shape optimisation system, FINE™/Design3D, highly integrated with a blade modeller, genetic algorithms and CFD analysis tools.

Key Contact Person
Prof. Ch. Hirsch, Deputy Chairman as contact and contributor. UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD

The University of Sheffield, which celebrated its centenary in 2005, is one of the UK’s leading research-led universities, with an international reputation for excellence in both teaching and research. In constantly developing the quality and diversity of its research across a wide range of subjects, the University has appointed many outstanding academics to its multidisciplinary research groups.

The Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Sheffield is one of the largest and most respected in the UK since its foundation in 1905, consistently achieving high ratings for teaching quality and research. It is internationally renowned for high quality research. The expertise of our staff covers a wide range of specialist areas and our mission is to carry out research for fundamental science through to practical industrial applications.

Mechanical Engineering has received an outstanding result in the latest Research Assessment Exercise (RAE). The Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) has independently assessed research carried out by staff in every university department in the country. The quality of our research outputs, the research environment, research income, professional esteem, and PhD students are all rated and compared with our peers. Our profile is as 30% 4*, 45% 3*, 20% 2*, 5% 1*. This is an exceptionally good result and places us second in the country for Mechanical Engineering.
The Aerodynamics and Thermofluids group's research activities cover aerodynamics, combustion, turbulence and bio-fluids using both computational (CFD) and experimental tools. Major facilities include two recently refurbished low speed wind tunnels and a local parallel computing cluster. These facilities provide the group with the equipment for applied and fundamental fluid mechanic research and experiment-CFD side-by-side research for mutual validation and basic understanding. On-going research projects include: aerodynamic optimisation of blended wing body aircraft; shock control for aircraft drag reduction; flow control for drag reduction and separation control; multidisciplinary design and optimisation; aero-engine fuel emission control; synthetic jets for stall control; measurement and analysis of fluid flow in fuel cell systems; particle flow in human airway; simulation tools for micro-fluidic gases; fractal and wavelet analysis of turbulence and experiments; and real-time simulation of aircraft/vortex interaction.

Key contact person:
Professor N. Qin
Head of Thermofluids Group and Professor of Aerodynamics
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sheffield, UK BIRMINGHAM UNIVERSITY

The Interdisciplinary Research Centre (IRC) is one of several research centres within the University of Birmingham, but unlike the other centres the IRC was given large start-up funds and running costs for 10 years by EPSRC. It was set up in 1989 to lead the EPSRC-funded UK-based research and development of research into structural materials and was funded to purchase a wide range of processing equipment and mechanical property assessment equipment to complement its wide range of microstructural characterisation equipment. Continued funding from EPSRC (engineering physical science research council), from ERDF (European Regional development Fund) and AWM (Advantage West Midlands) has allowed updating of the equipment and purchase of a number of state-of-the-art facilities for the processing of metallic materials. The IRC has thus maintained its position as the leading university-based laboratory for materials processing and microstructural work. The major metallic work has been on Ti and TiAl-based alloys and on alloy and process development of those alloy systems.

The IRC has been involved in a large number of cooperative research grants, including a number of Framework 5 and 6 projects. IRC coordinated a Concerted European Action on structural intermetallics (CEASI) and was a partner in four Framework 6 projects, ADVACT, ULTMAT, IMPRESS and AEROCHINA 1& 2. In addition to these European-funded projects the IRC has been well-supported by EPSRC and DTI (Department of Trade and Industry) on a wide range of projects focussing on Ti alloys and their applications.

Key contact person:
Professor Xinhua Wu CIRA

The Italian Aerospace Research Centre, is a limited consortium company founded in July 1984. The Italian government has entrusted CIRA to manage the PRORA (Italian Aerospace Research Program). CIRA institutional aim is:

  • to carry out the PRORA by realising Excellence Centres, which shall integrate Research Capabilities with the Large Fluid dynamic Facilities and Technological Laboratories in several main technologies areas

  • to be the National focal point in Aerospace Research and Technology

  • to contribute to the Competitive and Sustainable Growth of the Italian Aerospace Sector

  • to identify Scientific Objectives and develop Basic Research in synergy with the National and International Scientific Community

  • to support the Industry in Applied Research both in the development phase and in the technology validation phase

  • to act as a partner of the Scientific Community and Industry

  • to facilitate technology transfer from the aerospace field to other sectors

  • to provide technical assistance to public Authorities for qualification and regulations

As a member of EREA, CIRA works in close co-operation with European Aerospace Research Establishments.

Key contact person
Dr. Domenico Quagliarella VON KARMAN INSTITUTE

The von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, founded in 1956, is an international non profit organization for post graduate education and research in fluid dynamics. Permanent staff of VKI is about 95 in total, spread over its 3 departments: Aeronautics and Aerospace, Environmental and Applied Fluid Dynamics, Turbomachinery and Propulsion. VKI is an associate member of EREA (European Research Establishments in Aeronautics) and is also considered as a SME according to the Commission’s definition. The research and training activities are carried out combining experimental, theoretical and numerical approaches, and span over aeronautical and non-aeronautical flow applications of industrial interest. VKI has a large number of advanced experimental facilities, in total 43 wind tunnels and test rigs, available in the domain of aerospace, aeronautical and industrial fluid dynamics. They cover a large span, ranging from low speed to hypersonic. Experimental research is complemented by an important activity in the domain of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) which now covers more than 1/3 of the research activities. Two clusters of multi-processor computers are available. Many of the research activities carried out at the VKI are supported by research contracts with industry, governmental institutions or international institutions. VKI is currently or has been involved, as partner or coordinator, in several EC projects or networks, such as VITAL, PROBAND, ADIGMA, IDeMAS, MESURE, CRAFT, LAPCAT, AETHER, PIVNET, FLOWnet, EUA4X, AMeGOS, ... .

Key personnel:
Deconinck Herman, Prof.
Christophe Schram, Assist. Prof. AIRBONE TECHNOLOGY CENTER

Airborne develops and produces advanced composite products, for a variety of markets such as aeronautics, space, oil & gas, semiconductor industry and maritime. It turns innovative know-how into industrialised production, through integrated Design and Build programmes. It operates in two locations, The Hague in the Netherlands and Girona in Spain.

The Airborne Technology Centre is founded to develop the new, differentiating composite technologies. The following five Research themes are defined:

  • Thermoplastic composites: Thermoplastic tape placement, in-situ consolidation, autoclave/oven consolidation, welding
  • Injection and perform technologies: RTM and VARTM, automated performing techniques, fast curing materials
  • Smart structures: Integration of sensors and/or active materials, nano-composites, self-healing
  • Simulation: Composite mechanical behaviour, simulation of process-induced effects
  • Automation: Automated Fibre Placement, fiber steering, Continuous Winding process, machining of composites

Experience and contribution to previous EU funded projects
PDT-COIL (FP5): Power & Data Transmission Composite Coiled Tubing. Development of thermoplastic composite tubular technology, including new production process. Coordinator of the project
ZEM (FP5): Zero emission composite high pressure natural gas tank for automotive applications. Integration of fiber bragg gratings for structural health monitoring. FEA of damage behaviour, automated manufacturing process, prototyping
Clean Sky Green RotorCraft (FP7): development of a smart rotor blade, with integrated optical fibre sensors and active materials for shape morphing. Development of production technology and manufacturing of rotor prototype blades.
Clean Sky Smart Fixed Wing Aircraft (FP7): development and manufacturing of smart structure components in the wing/flaps, with integrated optical fibre sensors and active materials

Contribution to the project - skills and expertise
Airborne will provide an overview of the state-of-the-art of composite manufacturing processes, focused to primary aircraft structure. Novel production methods such as fibre placement, resin injection, new curing methods such as microwave and fast curing resins will be covered. Special attention will be given to the emerging field of Manufacturing Process Simulation, to simulate the effects of the production process on residual stresses and deformations. Current practice in industry is to solve this by trial-and-error, but adequate simulation is required to optimise the product, enhance safety and reduce development effort.

Key personnel:
Marcus Kremers.
Anders Brodsjo MSc.

LEITAT is a Technological Center specialized in production technologies. LEITAT develops R&D activities in the areas of materials science, environment, surface treatments, biotechnologies and renewable energies with deep knowledge and experience in technological transfer to several industrial sectors. LEITAT take part each year in many project financed by the regional and national governments, participates in projects co funded by the European Commission, and develops private R&D projects funded by industrial partners. LEITAT is recognised by the Spanish government as a CIT (Center of Technological Innovation) and is one the 5 Technology Centers that is accreditated by the Regional Government of Catalonia. Finally, it is member of FEDIT (Federation of Technologiccal Centres in Spain) and the IT Network of the Catalan Regional Governement.
LEITAT performs projects and managing initiatives. These include those funded by the European Union, which promote innovative and efficient energy resources and improve the environmental quality as well as contributing to substantial economic savings for the Catalan public and private sectors. LEITAT has strong expertise in Smart materials and renewable energy and energetic efficiencies and it participates in local, national and European Programmes and performs funding programs assessment to industries.LEITAT has also a consolidated expertise in the development of materials with tailored properties to be used in specific applications (light materials, smart textiles, thermo-responsive materials, shape-memory materials, etc).

Key contact person:
Ciro Avolio
Mercè de la Fuente
Laurent Aubouy CERFACS

CERFACS (European Centre for Research and Advanced Training in Scientific Computation) is one of the European leading research institutes working on the development of efficient algorithms for solving large-scale scientific problems that are relevant to industry as well as to the scientific community. Approximately 110 people work at CERFACS, including researchers, engineers, post-doctoral fellows and Ph.D. students coming from 10 different countries. They work on specific projects in seven main research areas: parallel algorithms, code coupling, aerodynamics, combustion, climate and environment, data assimilation, and electromagnetism. CERFACS has a large experience in the participation to European RTD projects in combustion (e.g. FLUISTCOM, INTELLECT), aerodynamics, and wake vortices (e.g. Awiator,FarWake). An important ongoing research area that is gathering interest at CERFACS is the environmental impact of aviation. The primary objective of this research is to model and to simulate the effects of aircraft emissions on the atmospheric chemistry and physics through the different scales that characterize their diffusion in the atmosphere. Much of this research is carried out in the framework of the EU FP7 project QUANTIFY.

Key personnel:
Roberto Paoli, research scientist, PhD Fluid Mechanics, Univ. Rome, 2001.
Daniel Cariolle, Project Leader, HDR Atmospheric Physics, Ecole Polytechnique,1991 CRANFIELD INSTITUTE

Cranfield University is positioned between traditional universities and business and industry, it combines the academic rigour and long-term perspective of a university with the commercial and business focus of industry. Cranfield operates in a global context. Its competitive advantage is based, primarily, upon three characteristics: a focus upon sectors, private, public and charitable, rather than traditional academic disciplines, a concern for the practical outcome of our work and a willingness to address defence.
Cranfield educates students at postgraduate level on both professional development and degree-awarding courses; they come either to enhance an already chosen career, or to move to a new one.

It brings a range of multidisciplinary skills to bear in addressing a number of fields including:

  • Aerospace
  • Automotive
  • Bioscience
  • Energy
  • Environment
  • Manufacturing
  • Security and defence

Cranfield undertakes a full spectrum of research from basic through to application in order to serve society and inform our teaching. It's aim is to transform all its knowledge to practical application. This is mainly achieved through the work of its students and through its work for sponsoring clients.

Cranfield's organisational style is one of devolution and empowerment, within an overall collective vision and strategic direction. Devolution of decision-making is to a level at which decisions can most appropriately be made by those who fully understand their consequences, recognising that such empowerment will on occasions lead to mistakes which are inevitable in a learning process.

Key contact person
Prof. Ian Poll

1.1.2. Chinese Partners CAE

The Chinese Aeronautical Establishment (CAE) owns 31 research institutes in different disciplines located across the country. CAE undertakes the tasks of fundamental research, applied fundamental research, applied research, design, test and technical validation of aero-products including aircraft, engine and airborne equipment. It is under the administration of China Aviation Industry Corporation (AVIC), which is an ultra large state-owned industrial group directly under the administration of the Central Government. Authorized by the Chinese government, CAE is responsible for the coordination, planning and management of the development of science and technology in aviation industry. There are over 10,000 scientific, engineering and technical personnel in CAE. Among them there are 16 fellows of the Chinese Academy of Science and the Chinese Academy of Engineering.
Total 11 partners from Chinese side had set up a consortium to participate in this MULTIAEROCHINA3-EU campaign.
There are more than 10 senior members from the following 8 institutes of CAE to be involved in the project.

  1. Chinese Aeronautical Establishment (CAE, Beijing)
  2. The First Aircraft Institute (FAI/CAE, Xi’an)
  3. Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials (BIAM/CAE, Beijing)
  4. Aircraft Strength Research Institute (ASRI/CAE, Xi’an)
  5. Gas Turbine Establishment (GTE/CAE, Shenyang)
  6. China Aerodynamics Research Institute of Aeronautics (ARI /CAE, Haerbin & Shenyang)
  7. Aeronautics Computing Technique Research Institute (ACTRI/CAE, Xi’an)
  8. Shenyang Aero-Engine Research Institute (SAERI/CAE)

The other 3 Chinese partners are from university and academy.

  1. Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (BUAA, Beijing)
  2. Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU, Xi’an)
  3. Peking University (Peking Univ, Beijing)

CAE will act as the deputy administrative coordinator for all Chinese participants in the project. The technical administration will relay on Dr. HUA Jun from CAE.

Key Contact Person:
Mrs. MA Jieping
Mr. HUANG Weijia GTE

As one of leading aero-engine research institute belonging to AVICI, the main functions and responsibilities of GTE are:

  1. Perform aero-engine performance verification testing in the altitude test bed under national authorization.
  2. Aero-engine technology research and development.
  3. Fan/compressor, Combustor, turbine and engine core develop and verification.
  4. Aero-engine research end development.

Background information and experience GTE has made great contribution to China’s Aviation Industry, especially in engine core development and corresponding technology research for military aero-engine. The representatives are following:

  • Advanced two stage Fan.
  • Advanced high pressure compressor.
  • High temperature increase combustor.
  • High performance turbine with single crystal alloy blade.
  • WS500 small turbo-fan engine.

Specific contributions of GTE to GRAIN project:
Gas Turbine Establishment (GTE) is one of leading research institutes engaged in low emission combustion research in China. GTE focus on lean premixed prevaporized (LPP) which including build up combustion, combustor cooling, fuel jet and atomization etc. Otherwise, GTE possess all kind of experimentation equipments and test methods in low emission combustion. There is some technology storage of low emission combustor design which reach the top of China.

Key Contact Person:
Prof. Jianrong Li
Ms. Yuanxing Gu
Ms. Huasheng Xu ARI

AVIC Aerodynamics Research Institute (AVIC ARI) was established in 2000 by merging former Harbin Aerodynamics Research Institute with Shenyang Aerodynamics Research Institute. AVIC ARI is governed by China Aviation Industry Corporation (AVIC) and has more than 700 employees. As the unique aerodynamic research institution in China aviation industry, AVIC ARI is mainly engaged in aeronautic aerodynamic fundamental research, aircraft aerodynamic configuration design, CFD technology research and application, wind tunnel test technology research, and special testing equipment design and manufacture.
Currently, there are seven facilities, including 0.6m×0.6m trisonic wind tunnel, 1.2m×1.2m trisonic wind tunnel, 1.5m×1.6m trisonic wind tunnel, F1.5m low speed wind tunnel, 0.64m×0.52m transonic wind tunnel, 3.5m×2.5m low speed wind tunnel, 4.5m×3.5m pressurized low speed wind tunnel. Furthermore, an 8m×6m low speed wind tunnel is under construction and its expected operation is in 2012.

Background information and experience
As the unique institution for aerodynamics research in China aviation industry, AVIC ARI has effective abilities of aircraft configuration designs by experimentation, simulation and optimization methods.
There are seven wind tunnel facilities covering low speed, transonic and supersonic regions. Every wind tunnel is equipped with advanced measurement equipments and has the ability of performing the conventional and special tests. There are many sophisticated test techniques in AVIC ARI and a lot of resources and efforts have been dedicated in recent years to research activities in airplane configuration designs.
Simultaneously, AVIC ARI’s own codes have the abilities of numerical simulation based on RANS as well as DES&LES. Some optimized design technologies and approaches have been developed and applied in aircraft industry.
Moreover, for noisy reduction research, AVIC ARI has established a professional workgroup which devotes to aeroacoustics. Its mainly work covers theoretical prediction, experimental measurement, numerical simulation (CAA/CFD), etc.

Specific contribution to GRAIN Project
AVIC ARI’s contributions to GRAIN project will focus on KGT2 and KGT3.

Key contact person:
Dr. LI Cong
Ms. Wang Na FAI

The First Aircraft Institute of AVIC (FAI) is located in Yanliang district, Xi'an City, Shanxi province. It’s also called The Xi’an Aircraft Design institute. It is an institute focusing on transport aircraft design and specializing in configuration design and aerodynamic design.

Several historical milestones of the China aviation industry were set up by this institute, which are the first Chinese civil aircraft Y-7, the first Chinese fighter-bomber FBC-1, the first Chinese business aircraft LE500. Especially, the FBC-1, nicknamed “China’s Flying Leopard”, was the first successfully and independently designed aircraft in China, which won the top prize of the National Scientific Progress Award in 1999.

Under the support of the government, the FAI has finished the further construction of its basic facilities and technical innovation. Today, there are more than 20 research divisions in the institute, such as the aircraft configuration, aerodynamics, structure design, strength analysis, landing gear, avionics, flight control and hydraulic system, engine and fuel system, environmental control system, etc.

There are more than 2000 employees in the institute, including one academician of the Academy of Chinese Engineering, several state-level experts, almost one thousand senior engineers. The institute was also authorized to confer the Master degree, and there is a Doctors’ research station as well.

Having the experiences of the international cooperation project MPC-75 and preliminary design of the AE-100, the FAI is facing a new opportunity, which is the Advanced Regional Jet (ARJ21). All the members of the FAI are confident of the future success.

The FAI has done a lot of research on the aircraft flow controls. The “micro vortex generator” project was carried on several years ago. Some software for the vortex simulations were developed, and vortex effects were tested in wind tunnel.

Key Contact Person:

As the only structural analysis and test center of the Chinese aviation industries, the four main functions and responsibilities of ASRI are:

  1. Administer the research and development in the field of aircraft structures as well as develop and disseminate effective new technologies and methodologies useful in the design and analysis of both new aircraft and modifications to existing ones.
  2. Perform full-scale verification testing and issuance of the aircraft pre-first-flight Chinese Aviation Industry Certification documentation, and also provide reliable data predicting the fatigue, and aged aircraft residual life.
  3. Formulate and update the aircraft structural verification testing standards and regulations.
  4. Numeric and experimental studies of aeroacoustic characteristics and noise control technologies for airplanes.

Background information and experience
ASRI has made great contribution to China’s Aviation Industry, especially in full-scale structural verification (static and fatigue testing, ground vibration testing and noise certification testing) for military and civil aircrafts. The representatives are following:

  • J-10 military aircrafts.
  • Y-7, the first regional aircraft in China
  • ARJ-21 Advanced Regional Jet

Specific contributions of ASRI to the GRAIN project

  1. Analyze on aircraft structure durability/damage tolerance and testing technique.
  2. Designing dynamic strength of aircraft structure and test technique.
  3. Analyzing structure strength of new material and test technique.
  4. Computational mechanics and virtual testing.
  5. Study on structure strength under climate chemistry environment and test technique.
  6. Acoustics and vibration environment research and test technique.
  7. Chinese leader for NEXTEP project proposal of Aeroacoustic and noise control
  8. Structure static and fatigue testing technique of full-scale aircrafts.
  9. Prof. Xiasheng Sun will interact closely with BIAM, Beijing and Univ. Birmingham on new materials.

Key Contact Person:
Prof. Wenchao HUANG SAERI

The Shenyang Aeroengine Research Institute (SAERI) was established in 1961. It is the earliest and the largest aeroengine research institute in China. It is engaged in developing large and medium thrust class aero engines. It employs more than 2.240 staff and workers, including almost 100 professors and over 700 engineers. It covers an area of 937.000 m2 It has got many rich engineering experiences in many fields such as aerodynamics, fluid dynamics, thermodynamics, structural strength analysis, etc. SAERI has developed 11 models of turbojet and turbofan engines, and has also developed various high-tech non-aviation products.
Specialized Departments of SAERI Institute:

  1. Design department
    • Engine performance and structure
    • Compressor design
    • Combustor/afterburner/nozzle
    • Turbine/Air system/Heat transfer design
    • Mechanical system
    • Fuel/control
    • Strength design
    • Industrial Gas turbine design
    • Reliability
    • Material application
  2. Test department
    • Compressor/ Turbine test
    • Combustor/afterburner test
    • Strength / Heat transfer test
    • Measurement technology
    • Transmission/Lubrication system test
    • Control system test
    • Engine assemble
    • Engine test
  3. Technology support department
    • Standard
    • Computer center
    • Information and archives
    • Metering center

Key Contact Person:
Mr. Yongfan Li, deputy engineer of SAERI and head of Engine Performance and Structure Department. The SAERI team members devoted to the project of AEROCHINA3 will cover a wide range of principles, such as engine performance, flow analysis, combustion, vibration, numerical simulation, etc. BIAM

The Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials (BIAM) was established in 1956 as the only materials research institute for the Chinese Aviation Industry, and one of the largest materials research and development centers in China, BIAM carries comprehensive research programs of aeronautical materials, combining metallic &non-metallic materials studies with extensive synthesis/processing and testing evaluation. The wide-ranging materials research and development of BIAM in four major areas are:

  1. metallic materials
  2. materials hot processes
  3. non-metallic materials
  4. materials characterization, testing/evaluation
  5. The capabilities, features and responsibilities are:
    1. Strong capability of producing advanced materials and high performance structural parts;
    2. Wide-coverage of material research
    3. Full integration of research and pilot production
    4. Manufacturing facilities/capabilities
    5. Center of failure analysis for aviation equipment
    6. Center of standards for aeronautical materials and hot processing
    7. Aeronautical data bank

Background information and experience
BIAM is mainly engaged in the technical research of metallic and non-metallic materials, hot processing, physical/chemical inspection as well as property characterization and evaluation for the application of presently researched and future-generation aircrafts, aircraft engines and helicopters in the aviation industry. The institute is also involved in the research and development on advanced materials for China’s national defence industry and the civilian application, such as automobiles, shipbuilding and etc. In addition, BIAM is also dedicated to materialization and industrialization of its technical research achievements.

Key Contact Person:
Prof. YI Xiaosu ACTRI

ACTRI was found in 1958, originally the Northwest Computing Institute of Chinese Academy of Science, and now belongs to China Aviation Industry Cooperation I (AVIC1). The institute is located in Xi’an, a very ancient city in central of China mainland. Historically, ACTRI was a national high performance computing center, and now the institute is mainly engaged in the development of airborne and missile-borne computers, and aeronautical software. Currently ACTRI owns 1,046 employees on the staff, and there are several research centers hosted by ACTRI, among which is the Aeronautical Laboratory of Computational Fluid Dynamics (ALCFD). ALCFD is established by AVIC1 in October 1995. It is the one and only professional CFD organization in China aviation industry. Currently there are 18 researchers specializing in CFD discipline. The laboratory means to be the bridge between academy and industry. From 1990 to 2000, ALCFD had acted as the coordinator of a persistent national project to develop an integrated software system for aerodynamics numerical simulations. Recently the research focus has been switched to verification and validation of CFD simulations, and aerodynamic database. ALCFD is active, notably hosted the 12th national CFD conference in 2004, and co-organized the first and second national CFD validation workshops in 2003 and 2005 respectively.

Background information and experience
Experience in development and application of software platform for credible aerodynamic numerical simulations has been accumulated, and in-house CFD solvers for external aerodynamic design, both multi-block structured grid RANS solver and hybrid grid RANS solver, have been developed. Also, related European research activities including EUROVAL, ECARP, QNET-CFD, FLOWNET, and PROMUVAL have been studied extensively.
Experience in development and application of parallel software for aerodynamic numerical simulations has been accumulated for many years, and multi-block structured grid RANS parallel solver and hybrid grid RANS parallel solver, have been developed. Moreover, load balance software has been developed and tested.

Partner contributions
ACTRI would like to contribute to WP5 “High Performance Computer facilities for Aeronautical Applications (KGT5)”

  1. high performance computation
    • domain decomposition strategy
    • advanced parallel computation pattern for CFD
    • parallel computation in CAE–based airfoil design procedure.
  2. other region
    • assistance of Europe-China Database development and dissemination activities
    • state of the art review and collection of computational and experimental data
    • identification of critical multi-physics TRD activities and areas of cooperation.

Key contact person:
Prof. ZHOU Lei
Mr. LI Li
Aeronautics Computing Technique Research Institute (ACTRI)
Chinese Aeronautical Establishment (CAE) BUAA

Beijing University (formerly Beijing Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics), BUAA in abbreviation, was founded on October 25, 1952. Located at the center of Zhongguancun Science Park, next to China's National Olympic Center, in Beijing, BUAA is the China's first university of aeronautical and astronautical engineering.

Since its founding, BUAA has been one of the key universities given priority for development. In the new century and millennium, BUAA was officially listed in China's Action Plan for the Revitalization of Education in the 21st Century. At present, the university comprises of 17 schools and 6 departments, covering such diverse fields in sciences, engineering, liberal arts, management, languages, etc. There are currently more than 3300 faculty and staff members, including 10 academicians of either the Chinese Academy of Sciences or the Chinese Academy of Engineering Sciences, and over 1400 full or associate professors. The total enrolment reaches over 26,000, including more than 1300 doctorate candidates, over 5000 master candidates, and about 300 overseas students.

Background information and experience
BUAA has evolved from an engineering institute of aeronautics and astronautics into an open, multi-disciplinary, research-oriented university of engineering sciences and technology, preserving at the same time with strong research capability on aerospace engineering. Currently, there are 42 research institutes or interdisciplinary research centers in BUAA, accompanying with 11 key disciplines of the national level, and 89 laboratories, including 4 national key laboratories, 5 national specialized laboratories, and 12 provincial- or ministerial-level key laboratories. In recent years, BUAA has ranked among the foremost in China in terms of funding for scientific research, and become one of the China's important bases for scientific and technological innovation and quality education for high-level personnel.

Key Contact Person
Prof. SUN Xiaofeng
Prof. LIN Yuzhen
Prof. GUAN Zhidong NPU

NPU is situated in Xi'an, a world-famous ancient capital city. The president of NPU is appointed directly by the State Council. NPU is one of the 15 key universities in China, and the country's only multi-disciplinary university of science and technology featuring the engineering education of aeronautics, astronautics and marine engineering with the stress on engineering and with the integration of engineering, science, management and humanities. At present, there are nearly 20,000 students studying at the University including over 10,000 undergraduate and two-year college students, and over 5,900 master's and over 800 doctoral students. In the University, there are 3 state key subjects, 8 state key laboratories and specialized laboratories, and 9 provincial and ministerial key laboratories and engineering research centers. The University owns a low-speed aerofoil wind tunnel -the largest of its kind in Asia- and an unmanned light airplane research and production base -the largest of its kind in China.
Developed for aeronautic research and dedicated to the prosperity of China's aviation industries, the Aeronautic Academy was among the earliest established faculties of NPU, representing the characteristics of the university. InceCSAnt endeavor in the last 48 years has transformed the Department into a highly significant research base handling key disciplinary subjects in China's aeronautical study. Currently the Department offers three major specialties: Aircraft Design, Fluid Dynamics, and Solid Mechanics, which respectively belong to three first-class disciplines of aerospace science and technology.
The research organizations directed by the Department of Fluid Dynamics include: National Key Aerofoil and Cascade Laboratory, Aerofoil Research Center, Research Center of Aerodynamics, and Shaanxi Turbofan and Pump Engineering Center. The faculty consists of 12 professors (including 7 doctoral advisers), 11 associate professors, and 6 senior engineers. Three of them are "Experts with Outstanding Contributions" of the nation or of the aeronautical sphere, or excellent scholars back from abroad, and Two of them have been awarded the internationally renowned Alexander von Humboldt Fellowship. Now the Department owns the largest low-speed aerofoil wind tunnel and the largest compressed continuity high-speed aerofoil wind tunnel in Asia, the fully digital hydraulic-servo experiment system, high-speed computers capable of billion calculations per second, several high quality SGI and SUN workstations along with some other first-class experiment facilities of China.

Background information and experience
Concerning to the project, NPU specializes in wind tunnel test, CFD study, and optimized design of airfoil. Several CFD codes based on Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations have been developed in house.

Partner contributions
1) Bi-CGstab (bi-conjugate gradient stable algorithm) iteration method on GPU.
2) The Compressible Lattice Boltzmann method on Multiple-GPUs and GPU Cluster. Key contact person:
Dr. ZHONG Chengwen PKU

Peking University is the leading university in China since 1898. Department of Mechanics and Aerospace Engineering is the earliest and one (since 1952) among about 70 departments of Mechanics nationwide. There are about 60 faculties for teaching and research. Fluid Mechanics and Solid Mechanics are the major parts of the department. The earliest and high performance low speed and large test section wind tunnel was built in the department in 1958. Now it is still working well for different purpose and different industries. Hundreds of airplane models including fighter and civic aircraft were tested in this wind tunnel. Boundary layer and turbulence wind tunnels are also available for research test. The test instruments and facilities are also in advanced level. In the field of computational mechanics, CFD and computational solid mechanics have played a very important role in the recent 30 years in China.

Background information and experience
Structural Engineering Software Center is a research group in the department. The researches have been mainly focused on development and application of multidisciplinary modeling, simulation, algorithms to industrial problems, including finite element modeling, structural dynamics, structural optimization, fast finite element solver, mesh generation, mesh quality improvement, moving mesh techniques, etc. SAP84, a general purpose structural analysis program (since 1984) has been developed as a commercial FEM software package, which has more than 1000 users in China and dominated the Chinese market of FEM package. Thousands of practical engineering problems have been solved in civil engineering, water conservancy, communication, mechanical, aeronautical, metallurgical, railway, chemical engineering, as well as in research and teaching in universities. The mesh generation and optimization package in SAP84 is the earliest and best one in China. Its high performance and reliability has made it be the most competitive package nationwide.
The team lead by Prof. Yuan in PKU has a long-term collaboration with CIMNE. The two centers co-organized the Sixth World Congress on Computational Mechanics in 2004 with a great success. Also they jointly and successfully applied the 973 project in fluid-solid interaction, which is supported by China MOST. Also they have a scholar interchange program to send doctoral students and postdoctors in common interest R&D area for the joint research project.

Partner contributions
PKU will develop high efficient/quality mesh regeneration/deformation algorithms and implementation scheme on parallel computing environments with large clusters, including: high efficient implementation for core algorithms, mesh quality smoothing approaches which are suitable for mesh deformation, and domain partition algorithm for parallel implementation.

Key contact person
Prof. Mingwu Yuan NUAA

NUAA (Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics), established in 1952, is one of the key universities in China with the combined features of aeronautics , civil aviation and astronautics. In 1996 it succeeded in becoming one of the China's 100 most key universities for the 21st century (China's 211 Project). It is subordinated to the Commission of National Defence Science, Technology and Industry of China. NUAA consists of 10 colleges as follows: College of Aerospace Engineering, College of Energy and Power Engineering, College of Automation Engineering, College of Information Science and Technology, College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, College of Material Science and Technology, College of Civil Aviation, College of Sciences, College of Economics and Management, College of Humanities and Social Sciences. NUAA has set up as many as 50 research institutes and has very strong advantages in the research and application of basic science and the development of high technology.

Background information and experience
NUAA has developed "CK" series of super pilot less aircraft, AD series of super-light airplanes and other series of helicopters, and it has also made a lot of breakthroughs in many key projects concerning aeronautic and astronautic research and national defense programs. NUAA has taken great interest in international academic exchanges and scientific cooperation. Since 1987,over 1,000 persons have been sent to as many as 34 countries and regions for advanced studies, academic exchanges and cooperation. At the same time, about 1,600 professors and scientists from 40 countries and regions have been invited to give lectures and make visits to NUAA. Long-term cooperative agreements have also been signed between NUAA and over 20 universities in Germany, France, Russia, UK and USA.

Key Contact Person:
Prof. Ming Xiao
Prof. H.Q. Chen ZJU

Zhejiang University (ZJU) is one of the few top-rank research institutions of higher learning in China. It is a center of high-level teaching and research, where renowned academics from China and other countries work together contributing to the economic development and social progress of China and the world. At present, the total number of full-time students has reached over 39,000, including 22,900 undergraduates, 9,500 postgraduates working for master's degrees and 6,600 PhD candidates. Among its 8,400 faculty and staff members, there are over 1,200 full professors and 2,400 associate professors. The School of Aeronautics and Astronautics (SAA) of Zhejiang University was established in 2007. The SAA mission is to promote development of the disciplines such as aeronautics, astronautics and mechanics, as well as to develop new areas within Zhejiang University. By aiming at national demands and grand challenges, the SAA is dedicated to be a prestigious research and education institution to train creative and interdisciplinary talents in the fields such as aeronautics and astronautics for China. Currently the number of faculty and staff members in the SAA has reached 74, of which 22 are professors, and 27 are associate professors.
Center for Engineering and Scientific Computation (CESC), Zhejiang University, is a key interdisciplinary research center. The mission is to emphasize the nature of being interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary, and to promote applications of high performance computing in various fields in the university. It also provides high performance computing facilities for the university community.

Background information and experience
Dr. Yao Zheng is a Cheung Kong chair professor with Zhejiang University, appointed by the Ministry of Education of China. He is the director of the Center for Engineering and Scientific Computation, and the deputy dean of the School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, both in Zhejiang University. He had been in UK and US for 13 years, spending 8 years in University of Wales Swansea and 4 years in NASA Glenn Research Center, mainly with research experience in the aerospace sector.
A problem solving environment, named the High End Digital Prototyping (HEDP) system, has been developed through the efforts of researchers in our group. The HEDP system was proposed to take advantages of continuously developing computational methods and computing resources, and to promote their practical engineering applications. It provides a unified, flexible and efficiency environment for large-scale multidisciplinary application simulations, such as structure analysis, fluid dynamics analysis, and thermal-hydrodynamic analysis. There are four categories of modules inside the HEDP system, i.e. the pre-processing module, the computing module, the post-processing module and the platform control module. The task parallel and data distributed computing schemes have been utilized in this system. Therefore, the HEDP equips users with an integrated platform including mesh generation, numerical libraries, visual steering and large-scale visualization capabilities. Using the developed algorithms, programs and tools for the HEDP system, we have been successfully simulated the fluid flow, mixing and combustion.

Key Contact Person
Prof. Yao Zheng
Dr. Jianfeng Zou
Dr. Shuai Zhang

CIMNE - International Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering